This article seeks to answer the question of what I can do with a Biology degree in this year 2020.
Biology is said to be the science of the study of life and living things, to this effect, it is ranked as one of the most extensive courses to study in the university, with broad branches and specialized fields. It is all-encompassing, covering various aspects, from the study of life processes in molecular biology to study animals, plants and their colonies. A degree in biology is vast; thus, it is only natural to have an enormous variety of careers related to biology. The study of biology involves research into the characteristics of living organisms to further improve knowledge about their biological processes and their uses in different aspects, some of which include disease treatment and sustainable environment.
Graduates with a degree in biology may choose to further and continue the program at postgraduate level, in a particular specialization, to improve their career progression and broaden their expertise. However, some do not consider its relevance.
In biology, the various disciplines are centred on cells as the basic unit of life and its role in the human composition. Information about genes, usually on the one hand traditionally found in the battery has the fundamental responsibility of determining cell structure and function. The concept of evolution is peculiar to cells, which is a process by which new species are formed. Another idea in biology is the concept of maintaining a balance between living things and their environment, a process referred to as Homeostasis. Understanding of biology as a field has significantly improved, owing to the invention and discovery of the DNA structure. Having a degree in biology exposes one to a whole new world of advancement and development. A degree in biology equips you with necessary skills, making you an asset in high demand among industries and companies.
Requirements to Get a Biology Degree
In most universities all over the world, before admitting a student for a course in biology, they desire to see interest and passion for biology before they choose to accept the student for a degree course. Therefore, the student is expected to have studied biology in high school or college before coming to study biology as a degree course. In most cases, the student is required to attain a set standard in mathematics or another science-related subject like physics, geology, chemistry, mathematics or psychology. It is also good to have work experience in a relevant field, broadens your mind and guides you in choosing a specialization. This, therefore, stresses the importance to check out course requirements when looking for a university to apply in. A good example is a student who may be interested in studying botany. He or she may get substantial work exposure from a horticulture centre, museum or a wildlife centre.
WHAT CAN I DO WITH A DEGREE IN BIOLOGY?
Most people raise such questions as “I’m a graduate with a degree in biology. What’s next for me? There are lots of exciting prospects and areas to explore in the world of biology. It never ends. As a biologist, there’s a wide range of things to do with a degree in biology. The ball is in your court to make out what you want of your degree. You can either further your academics with your degree in biology or garner a wealth of experience in your field.
One can go for a career in the following areas with a degree in biology to become an ecologist, teacher, biotechnologist, pharmacologist, science writer, and a host of others.
1. A Career in Research
Having a career in research is not just relevant in society, but a great career choice for graduates with a biology degree. Becoming a research biologist helps you harness more understanding of the world we live in as you study life and living things. Research broadens your scope, giving you an insight into various careers, as you can research all specialities.
The most common is within the area of science of life and medicine, covering such aspects as neurology, pharmacology, microbiology and genomics. As a research biologist, you can educate the society in various areas and can venture into academia, hospitals, research institutes and medical facilities, in some cases, the sector of industry and business.
2. A career in environmental conservation
A job in ecological protection exposes you to being a problem solver and protecting plants, animals and natural resources to protect wildlife and conserve them for the future. With a degree in biology, one can specialize as a conservation biologist, marine biologist, ecologist or zoo biologist. A biologist in these various positions can embark on recovery for the endangered species while carrying out public enlightenment on wildlife conservation.
3. A career in healthcare
Working as a biologist in the healthcare sector gives you exposure to engaging in campaigns to curb the spread of illnesses such as tuberculosis, AIDS, heart disease and other uncommon diseases and illnesses. Despite a limitation to undergraduate students in such areas such as the role of a doctor, the healthcare sector is extensive, with excellent workforce capacity. In reality, biologists are in high demand.
Biologists in the healthcare sector, with the needed experience and qualifications, can also take on jobs as nurses, veterinarians, doctors, and other professionals. Recruitments for graduates with a degree in biology are not just carried out by hospitals but medical institutes as well, and this is done to develop the healthcare sector and bring advancement in its delivery.
4. A career in education
A biology degree gives one a competitive edge in some areas. As a graduate with a degree in biology and a passion for imparting knowledge to others, you can work in the education sector. The exciting thing about the education sector is that you not only do what you love doing but make a positive impact on other people, and experience satisfaction and fulfilment. You’ll encourage others to see the world from your perspective and explore various areas of life. With your growth in academia, more qualifications will be required of you. You can decide to take extra courses and embark on further studies, carry out your research and work towards getting it published and attain the stakeholder role in your field.
5. A career in forensics
You can get a job in forensic science and work in the legal unit, assisting the police and other law enforcement authorities in the fight against crime to test evidence and derive conclusions based on investigations. There are various specialities in forensic science, some of which include forensic anthropology (examining human remains), the role of the medical examiner, forensic odontology (evidence in dentistry) and investigations on the crime scene.
6. Career in biotechnology
In biotechnology, scientific procedures and principles are applied in various sectors for the enhancement of technology, the business world, market and industry. The primary focus will be on agriculture and improving medicine and food science. Biotechnologists can also engage themselves in drug enhancement, genetic engineering, and tissue engineering and technological improvements such as nanotechnology.
7. A career in business and industry
A graduate with a biology degree can venture into the pharmaceutical industry and make the most of it. Capable biologists are always in high demand to work in major pharmaceutical companies, carry out research works, test novel products and get them ready for the market. Other viable industries for biologists include the sales sector, scientific services, public relations and marketing.
8. Careers in government and policymaking
Working in the government sector as a biologist involves direct contact and interaction with government policymakers and officials who call the shots, to give them counsel and put new legislation protecting biomedical research and development. As a biologist in this sector, you have to make input and stir a change in the legal system in favour of science as a whole. You can be employed as a political advisor for agencies, groups and voluntary organizations at the state or national level. Other roles include working as an ambassador for a governmental entity or group.
9. Careers in economics
As a biologist with a zest for mathematics and numerals, you may desire a career in economics. Your role as a biological economist is to work with organizations or even the government in evaluating biological problems and their impact in society, some of which include pollution, extinction and deforestation. You can specialize in environmental economics, with a focus on ecological protection, socioeconomics, focusing on human interactions, as well as environmental economics whose primary focus is on social economy and the ecosystem.
10. A career in communication and scientific publishing
The media world is not left out in the exciting careers one can get involved in with a biology degree. It may interest you to know that jobs in journalism and media are thriving as well. If you have a passion for media and information, you can go into the media sector as a writer or publisher, working with a journal, website or magazine. You not just play the educative and informative role but gain relevance in society.