Home Student & Career Tips Top 20 things I can do with a Biology Degree

Top 20 things I can do with a Biology Degree

In this article, we are going to take a critical look at the list of 20 things you can do with a biology degree.

What Can I Do With a Biology Degree?

According to indeed.com, “biology,” which involves the study of living organisms, is a complex field with many career possibilities. Hence, with a biology degree, you can pursue a wide variety of biology-related careers in academia, laboratory research, health care and pharmaceuticals, and writing and editing. 

Oftentimes, students with this degree exhibit some form of fear as regards their career path due to the misconception that every job contains the title “biologist.” Well, that’s not correct, because there are plenty of careers you can build with a biology degree that don’t even involve science.


If so, here is a list of things or careers you can opt for with a biology degree:

1. Research

Biologists can work in a variety of research settings, including universities, government agencies, and private companies. They can conduct research in areas such as genetics, ecology, and microbiology to better understand the natural world. As a research biologist your goal is to develop societal knowledge of the world around us by studying living organisms. They are also required to supervise lab technicians and veterinary medicine students in their respective research projects and studies, among other responsibilities. 

Most common is research within the medical and life sciences, covering areas such as health and disease, neurology, microbiology, and pharmacology.

Also, you can work as a researcher in the pharmaceutical sector, as there are multi-billion dollar industries in constant need of biologists to work in research and development and to test new products and prepare them for the marketplace

With the right additional qualifications, you can be found within academia, research institutes, medical facilities, and hospitals, as well as within business and industry.

2. Healthcare Personnel

This is about the most common career path for biology degree holders. As a biologist, one of the numerous things you can do with a biology degree is to pursue a career in healthcare by becoming a medical or veterinary technician, a physician assistant, etc. You can also work in the pharmaceutical industry, developing new drugs and treatments for ailments and diseases.

Although many roles are out of reach to students with just an undergraduate degree, the sector has a huge hiring capacity, and the good news is that biologists are well sought-after not only in the medical facilities but in organizations such as the Peace Corps in order to bring advanced healthcare to developing and war-torn regions

To occupy higher-level roles as healthcare biologists, you need the necessary qualifications and experience. 

3. Environmental Science

With a biology degree, you can work to protect and preserve the environment by working in roles such as conservation scientist (to protect and preserve endangered species and natural habitats), park ranger (to manage and protect natural and cultural resources in national and state parks), or environmental consultant (advising organizations on ways to reduce environmental impact and comply with regulations). You can also work to mitigate the effects of climate change and pollution.

As an environmental biologist, you’ll be interested in solving environmental problems and helping to protect natural resources and plant and animal wildlife to conserve and sustain them for future generations. 

Hiring industries include charities and non-profit organizations, government sectors, and ecological consultancies.

4. Biotechnology

Biotechnology involves the use of biological systems, living organisms, or parts of these to develop or create different products. For instance, brewing and baking bread are examples of processes that fall within the concept of biotechnology and involve the use of yeast (a living organism) to produce the desired product. In other words, biologists can work in the biotechnology industry, using their knowledge of genetics and biochemistry to develop new products and technologies. This can include creating genetically modified crops, developing new medical treatments, or creating biofuels.

With your degree in biology, you can explore this area.

5. Teaching

With a biology degree, you can work in education as a high school or college teacher. Biologists can also become science teachers at the high school or college level. They can also become science educators in informal settings, such as museums or science centers.

You will enjoy working with students, young or old, and encouraging them to learn about the world around them, be it in a classroom, a laboratory, or a museum. 

As education keeps evolving, having a degree may not take you to the peak of your career in education, but a higher qualification will. So, you’ll need a master’s degree or even a PhD to secure lecturing jobs at the university, but if you desire to remain a primary or secondary school teacher, you need an undergraduate degree, and a teacher training qualification can serve the purpose. 

6. Government Worker

You probably didn’t think of working outside the laboratory with your degree in biology. Well, with your degree, you can work in government, which will involve working closely with government officials and policymakers in order to advise on and create new legislation for growing topics such as biomedical research and environmental regulation. Your role will be to ensure that changes are made to the legal system based on scientific backing.

You can work for government agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or the National Park Service. You can also work for government research institutions such as the National Institutes of Health (NIH) or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

You may also go the political route and work at a national level as a political advisor for scientific organizations and agencies.

7. Consulting

Whoever told you consulting was meant for only doctors, lawyers, etc. Biologists can also work as consultants in fields such as environmental impact assessment, sustainable resource management and biosecurity

There are various aspects of consulting you might take on. Here are some of them;

Biosecurity Consultant: You can advise organizations on ways to protect themselves against the release of harmful organisms.

Environmental Impact Assessor: You will evaluate the potential impacts of development projects on the environment and recommend ways to mitigate those impacts.

Sustainable Resource Manager: Advises organizations on ways to use natural resources in a sustainable manner.

8. Become an Epidemiologist

If you are interested in a career in epidemiology, having a degree in biology can be a great way to get started. While it is not required to have a specific field of study, coursework typically includes statistics, social sciences, biology, and chemistry.

To become an epidemiologist, you will need to earn a bachelor’s degree before enrolling in a graduate epidemiology program. Prerequisite coursework in biology, ecology, population biology, and epidemiology is recommended. You may also want to consider taking classes related to grant writing and hypothesis devising, as these skills are essential for advancing human health research.

Once you have completed your undergraduate studies, you can apply for graduate programs that offer degrees specifically in epidemiology or public health with an emphasis on epidemiology. These programs usually involve coursework in public health, biological and physical sciences, math, and statistics.

According to the BLS, the average salary of an epidemiologist is $78,830 per year.

9. Become a Biochemist

If you have a degree in biology and are interested in becoming a biochemist, there are several steps you can take to make it happen.

First, you should complete an undergraduate degree program in biology, chemistry, physics, or engineering. This will give you the foundational knowledge necessary to pursue a career in biochemistry. During your studies, you’ll likely take classes such as biology, chemistry, physics, and computer science.

Once you’ve completed your undergraduate degree program, the next step is to pursue doctoral studies. A Ph.D. is typically required for independent research and development positions in biochemistry. During this time of study, you’ll gain more advanced knowledge and skills related to biochemistry that will help prepare you for a successful career.

The third step is to find an internship related to biochemistry so that you can gain real-world experience in the field. Internships provide invaluable hands-on experience that can help set you apart from other job applicants when it comes time to apply for jobs after graduation.

Finally, once you’ve completed your doctoral studies and internship experience, it’s time to find a job! With the right education and experience under your belt, you should be well-prepared for success as a biochemist.

According to the Bureau of Labour Statistics (BLS), the average salary of a biochemist is $102,270 per year.

10. Become a Genetic Counselor

If you are interested in becoming a genetic counselor, the first step is to earn an undergraduate bachelor’s degree in biology or a related field. This degree should include coursework in genetics, biology, chemistry, psychology, and statistics. Additionally, it is important to gain relevant experience through internships or volunteer work.

Once you have obtained your undergraduate degree, you must then complete an accredited master’s program in genetic counseling. This program typically takes two years to complete and will provide you with the necessary knowledge and skills needed to become a certified genetic counselor. After completing the program, most states require that you become licensed before practicing as a genetic counselor.

Overall, becoming a genetic counselor requires dedication and hard work but can be very rewarding for those who are passionate about helping others understand their genetics and make informed decisions regarding their health care.

According to the Bureau of Labour Statistics (BLS), the average salary of a genetic counselor is $80,150 per year.

11. Become an Immunologist

Immunology is a rapidly evolving field that is at the forefront of advances in science and medicine. If you are interested in becoming an immunologist, having a degree in biology can be beneficial.

A bachelor’s degree in microbiology and immunology can provide transferable knowledge and skill sets to other laboratory-based science careers, such as biochemistry, food science, and public health. Undergraduate programs in immunology are rare; however, some biology bachelor’s programs include introductory courses in immunology or microbiology.

In addition to a degree in biology, courses in chemistry, organic chemistry, physics, statistics, and mathematics are also important for becoming an immunologist. A master’s or doctoral degree may also be necessary, depending on the type of research or clinical work you want to pursue.

The Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases at the Harvard School of Public Health offers several degree programs for those interested in studying cellular and molecular biology, immunology, virology, or physiology as it pertains to major problems in public health.

If you are looking to become an immunologist with a biology degree, there are many options available to you. With dedication and hard work, you can make your dreams come true.

According to Salary.com, the average salary for an immunologist is $269,800 per year.

12. Become an Oceanographer

Oceanography is an interdisciplinary field of study that combines aspects of biology, chemistry, geology, and physics to explore the ocean’s physical and chemical properties. It is a fascinating field of study that can lead to a rewarding career as an oceanographer. If you have a degree in biology, you may be wondering how to become an oceanographer.

The first step is to gain experience in the field. This could include volunteering or working with research teams on projects related to oceanography. You will also need to develop your knowledge of the various disciplines involved in oceanography, such as marine biology, geology, chemistry, and physics. Additionally, it is important to stay up-to-date with advances in technology used for studying the oceans.

In order to become an oceanographer with a biology degree, you will need additional qualifications such as a master’s degree or PhD in oceanography or a related field. Many universities offer courses and degrees in this area, so it is worth researching what options are available near you. It may also be possible to pursue further education through online courses or distance learning programs if there are no suitable courses locally.

Once you have gained the necessary qualifications and experience, there are many opportunities available for those interested in becoming an oceanographer with a biology degree. These include working with research teams on projects related to climate change, marine conservation efforts, and exploring new areas of the oceans. There are also jobs available at universities teaching students about oceanography and conducting research into different aspects of the field.

No matter what route you take towards becoming an oceanographer with a biology degree, it is sure to be an exciting journey full of discovery.

13. Work in Pharmaceuticals Research and Development

As someone with a biology degree, working in pharmaceutical research and development can be an exciting and rewarding career. With advances in medical science, there is a growing demand for professionals who are knowledgeable in the field of pharmaceutical research and development.

The pharmaceutical industry is constantly evolving and innovating to meet the needs of patients around the world. This means that those working in this field must stay up-to-date on the latest trends and developments in order to remain competitive. Research and development teams are responsible for discovering new treatments, medicines, and vaccines that can improve people’s lives.

In addition to staying up-to-date on trends within the industry, those working in pharmaceutical research and development should also attend conferences such as Pharma R&D 2023. These conferences provide an opportunity for professionals from around the world to come together and share their knowledge about current developments in the field.

Working as a professional in pharmaceutical research and development requires dedication, hard work, and a passion for helping others through medical advances. With my biology degree, I am confident that I have what it takes to succeed in this field.

14. Work in Forensic Science

Forensic science is an exciting and rewarding field that combines the physical and natural sciences with investigative methods. With a degree in biology, you can pursue a career in forensic science to help solve crimes and uncover evidence.

A Bachelor of Science degree in Forensic Biology provides students with a foundation in biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, and other related fields. This type of degree prepares students for employment or further study in the field. Additionally, many employers require forensic biologists to have a bachelor’s degree at a minimum.

At Ferris State University, the Forensic Biology concentration is designed for undergraduate students who are interested in analyzing biological evidence as it relates to legal and other matters. The program blends physical and natural sciences with investigative methods such as biology, chemistry, and genetics.

In addition to the formal education requirements, there are several skills that are beneficial for those pursuing a career in forensic science. These include strong analytical skills, attention to detail, problem-solving abilities, excellent communication skills (both verbal and written), computer proficiency, and an understanding of laboratory safety protocols.

If you’re considering working in forensic science with a biology degree, look through our list of the 15 best forensic biology programs in 2023 that prepare students for employment or a more advanced degree. With the right education and experience, you can open up new opportunities for yourself within this fascinating field.

15. Work as an Animal Behaviorist or Ethologist

If you have a degree in biology and are interested in working as an animal behaviorist or ethologist, there are many opportunities available. Animal behaviorists and ethologists study the behavior of animals in their natural environment to gain insight into their behaviors and motivations.

Animal behaviorists focus on understanding the causes of animal behaviors, while ethologists focus on how those behaviors adapt to their environment. Both disciplines involve observing animals in their natural habitats, conducting experiments, and analyzing data.

In order to become an animal behaviorist or ethologist, you must have a degree in biology or a closely related field such as zoology or psychology. You may also need additional training, depending on the type of work you plan to do. For example, if you plan to work with wild animals, you may need additional courses in conservation biology or wildlife management.

Once you have your degree and any necessary certifications, there are many potential career paths available for animal behaviorists and ethologists. You could work for a zoo or aquarium studying the behaviors of captive animals, conduct research at a university, work for a government agency monitoring wildlife populations, or even start your own consulting business helping pet owners better understand their pets’ needs.

No matter which path you choose, working as an animal behaviorist or ethologist can be both rewarding and challenging. With hard work and dedication, however, it can be an incredibly fulfilling career choice!

16. Work as a Marine Biologist

Becoming a marine biologist requires a lot of dedication and hard work. A minimum of a bachelor’s degree is required to become a marine biologist, although many employers prefer applicants to have a master’s degree specializing in the field.

The starting point for any student who intends to choose this career path is to pursue a vigorous education. As undergraduates, most prospective marine biologists study biology or zoology, and some choose majors in marine biology. It is also possible to get a job as a marine biologist with just a bachelor’s degree, although such jobs are likely to be low-paying technician positions with limited advancement opportunities.

Marine biologists typically specialize in areas such as the ecology, physiology, behavior, and conservation of aquatic organisms. They may work in research laboratories or out in the field, conducting experiments on aquatic life and their environment. They may also be involved in activities such as monitoring water quality or developing management plans for fisheries or other aquatic resources.

In addition to having knowledge of biology, it is important for marine biologists to possess strong communication skills and be able to work effectively with other people from different backgrounds. They should also have good problem-solving skills and be able to think critically about complex issues related to the environment and aquatic life.

17. Work as a Botanist

If you are interested in working as a botanist with a biology degree, there are several paths you can take. Most botanist jobs require an undergraduate (Bachelor’s) degree in botany, plant science, plant ecology, biology, or conservation biology. With these qualifications, positions are available as laboratory technicians, research assistants, and field scientists.

You can also pursue higher education and earn a Ph.D., which will allow you to conduct research and teach at a college or university. A Bachelor’s degree in Botany can also help you gain the knowledge and skills needed to pursue a diverse array of careers such as environmental consulting, biotechnology, horticulture, plant pathology, and more.

No matter what route you choose to take, having a strong background in biology is essential for success as a botanist. Courses that concentrate on plants or plant science should be taken at the undergraduate level to ensure that you have the necessary knowledge for this career path.

Working as a botanist is an exciting way to make use of your biology degree and explore the world of plants.

18. Work as an Ecologist

If you are interested in a career as an ecologist, having a degree in biology is essential. Ecologists work to study and protect the environment, and they need to have a thorough understanding of the natural sciences. A bachelor’s degree in ecology, biology, botany (plant science), or marine biology is usually required for most ecologists’ jobs.

In addition to classroom instruction, many programs also include lab work and field research opportunities. This will give you hands-on experience working with plants and animals, as well as learning about environmental issues. You may also be able to take courses that focus on conservation biology and ecology.

Once you have obtained your degree, there are many different types of jobs available for ecologists. You could work as a biological sciences professor, climate change analyst, environmental analyst, environmental protection specialist, fish and game warden, or fish biologist. There are also positions available for research technicians who have an associate’s degree in ecology or related fields.

No matter what type of job you decide to pursue as an ecologist with a biology degree, you will be helping to protect our planet and its inhabitants from harm. It is important work that can make a real difference in the world.

19. Work as a Zoologist

If you are interested in working as a zoologist with a biology degree, there are several steps you can take to make it happen. The first step is to achieve a bachelor’s degree in zoology, wildlife biology, ecology, or general biology. This will give you the foundational knowledge and skills necessary for the job.

Once you have your degree, you may want to consider taking courses in animal health and behavior, the biology of mammals, ecosystem ecology, fisheries science, marine ecology, or biology. These courses will help broaden your knowledge base and provide additional expertise that employers may be looking for.

When it comes time to apply for jobs as a zoologist with a biology degree, most organizations require at least a bachelor’s degree. You should also be prepared to demonstrate your knowledge of animals and their ecosystems through writing samples and interviews.

Overall, becoming a zoologist with a biology degree requires dedication and hard work but can be very rewarding. With the right education and experience, you can pursue an exciting career in this field.

20. Working as a Microbiologist

Are you interested in a career as a microbiologist? With a degree in biology, you can become a microbiologist and work on many scientific research projects.

To become a microbiologist, you need to earn at least a bachelor’s degree in biology, microbiology, or a closely related field. You may also need to complete your master’s degree or obtain certification as a microbiologist. Additionally, gaining work experience through internships or volunteer positions is highly recommended.

Once you have the necessary qualifications, there are many career paths available for those with a degree in microbiology. You could work in medical laboratories researching diseases and treatments, study environmental issues such as water pollution, or analyze food safety protocols.

If you’re looking for an exciting career that allows you to explore the world of small organisms and make an impact on society, then consider becoming a microbiologist with your biology degree!


Overall, a biology degree provides a wide range of career opportunities in various fields, including research, healthcare, environmental science, biotechnology, teaching, government, non-profit, industry, and consulting. The specific path you choose will depend on your interests, skills, and goals.

Depending on your desired position and career path, pursuing more education beyond your first degree could be required. There is a whole lot you can do with a biology degree if you follow the right approach.

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