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Lists of Career Choices and Subject Required

This article contains a lists of career choices and subject required for them.

Career is an occupation or profession that a person does over a long period of time. For many, it is a lifetime occupation. Careers can either be science, art or commercial related.

Whichever one, the choice of career can be a very daunting decision considering the subjects required. Subject combination makes a huge impact on every student’s future career. The reason is that, most students don’t know themselves and don’t know university’s requirements. If students do not select the correct subject combination, they could find themselves unable to enter into certain higher Institutions. So when making this important career choice, the subject required should be a top priority.

The subjects selected by a learner can either make career options accessible or possible, or limited in some cases. It is therefore necessary to take subjects which will optimize possibilities, but are also in line with the individual’s interests.

As stated earlier, choosing subjects is a very important aspect of a student’s education. The decisions taken are important as it can be very difficult to change subjects at a certain academic level, although this is not to say it’s impossible.

Ideally, a student ought to know the career path to follow at the early stage of schooling in order to have the appropriate subject combination, but in most cases scholars go for any subject combination that is convenient without having a particular career in mind and in some cases that always poses a problem.

To avoid this, the student shouldn’t make subject choices without carrying out thorough research on the subjects needed for career choices.

Having observed the challenges students face regarding career choices and subjects required, this article will contain a list of careers with the subjects required. Hence, below are career choices and subjects required;


1. Science Careers

There are a thousand and one science related careers and all of them have mostly the same subject requirements. They include:

  • Agricultural science
  • Medicine
  • Geology
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Engineering
  • Computer science
  • Engineering
  • Nursing
  • Physics, etc.

In most parts of the world, subject requirements for basically all science careers are the same. They include;

  • Algebra
  • Geometry
  • Calculus
  • Trigonometry
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Physics
  • English
  • Social Studies

2. Agricultural Careers

Agriculture is a broad science field. There are many professional careers contained in this discipline, such as:

  • Animal science
  • Business in Agriculture
  • Food science and technology
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science
  • Soil science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics, etc.

Being a science field, it requires a number of science subjects in order to qualify for any of the career path. The subject requirements are:

  • English Language,
  • Biology/Agricultural Science,
  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics,
  • Physics,
  • Geography

3. Medical and Health Science Careers

This is a vast science field that is highly sought after in the labour market due to its profitability. Apart from Medicine and Surgery, there are many career paths in Medicine and health science but oftentimes, a lot of students are eligible for their choice course due to wrong subject combinations.

The following are common careers in medicine and health science:

  • Nursing,
  • Pharmacy
  • Dentistry
  • Laboratory technology
  • Microbiology

Core subject requirements are as follows:

  • Mathematics,
  • English language
  • Biology
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Physical and Life Sciences.

4. Arts/Social Science & Commercial Related Careers

There are various art, social science and commercial careers. Some of which include;

  • Law
  • Psychology
  • Acting
  • Journalism
  • Graphic designing
  • Teaching
  • Mass communication
  • Tourism and Hospitality management
  • Anthropology
  • Fine art
  • Library science
  • Archeology
  • Sociology
  • Office and Information Management
  • Public Administration
  • Business Administration
  • Accounting/Accountancy
  • Political Science
  • Human Resources Management
  • Mass Communication
  • Economics
  • Banking and finance
  • Marketing
  • Psychology

Oftentimes, there is a mix up between art and commercial careers. This is probably so because some of the courses have the same subject requirements.

The compulsory list of subject requirements for Art related careers are:

  • English Language
  • Literature in English
  • History
  • Fine and Applied Arts
  • French
  • Languages
  • Music
  • Government
  • Food and Nutrition
  • Religious Studies

Here are compulsory list of commercial subjects:

  • Economics
  • Commerce
  • Government
  • Geography
  • Principles of Account.

Though mathematics is required, it is not compulsory for Mass communication, Media and Communication Studies, Anthropology, Public Administration, Sociology and International Relations.

5. Mass communication

Mass communication can be defined as the study of information flow between groups of individuals through the use of mass media.

In other words, it involves any means through which information is passed across to a group of people through the use of the radio, television or internet.

Core subject requirements are:

  • English language
  • Economics or commerce
  • Government/CRS/IRS
  • Literature in English
  • Mathematics (optional).


Having seen the subject requirements in relation to different career choices, the following factors need to be taken into consideration when making a career choice;

1. Ability

It is good to dream big and wish to build a career in certain fields but most times people are not realistic about it. It is very easy to wish to become a Doctor without paying attention to the abilities of the scholar. However, before going ahead to make career choices, both parents and the student in question should take time to study the performance and results of the student. Doing this will give an indication of the scholars ability in each subject.

It is important to be realistic with regard to future careers. Basically, ability of the student will influence career choice as well. For instance, it is not advisable to select Mathematics when the student concerned lacks numerical ability and cannot cope with the subject.

If the student is lucky to attend a school where teachers are available to give career guidance and counseling, consult with such teachers because they can provide insight into your individual capabilities and interest. This will enable to you go for the suitable courses

2. Interests

While some subjects cannot be completely chosen by the students, a large proportion of it can. This is why there are core subjects and optional subjects. The West African examinations board understood this and gave students the room to select nine subjects. Hence, if possible, students should choose careers whose subject requirements fall within their range of interest.

3. Influence on Careers

For clearer understanding, it is important to note that subject requirements differ from one tertiary institution to another. The only subjects where choices made now will seriously affect future careers and studies are Mathematics and Physical Science.

However, if your score in Mathematics and Physical Science are poor, careers that demand them will not be an option in the future.


Each career or field of study has its own set of subject requirements, which implies that you will have to perform well at a certain level in specific subjects. Various qualifications require you to have good grades in mathematics.

When it comes to career choices, a scholar must start from high school/ secondary level to select the required subjects in preparation of what lies ahead in college/University.

Where the student doesn’t have the right subject combination, their choice of career will be greatly affected. The student must therefore be the center of the decision-making process. The best choice will always be the subjects with which your student feels they can cope, and those that interest them the most.

If you are still in high school, the courses you take now can shape your career in the future.

As a student who is interested in science careers you must bear in mind that mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English Language and core subject requirements.

For the art inclined, for instance Law, English language Literature in English, Government, History, one language, Religious science are required subjects. Those interested in Commercial related careers like banking and finance are required to meet the following subject; English, Economics, Mathematics, Financial Accounting, Commerce and sometimes government.

Regardless of the career choice, English language is a compulsory subject requirement.

The information in this article is to give you a heads-up on what is required when making career choices. However, it is important to carry out in-depth research on subject requirements peculiar to your career choice and Institution because these requirements vary from one Institution to the other, worldwide.

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